Some Starting Points


  • Aidley, DJ. The Physiology of Excitable Cells. The Cambridge University Press (Cambridge). ISBN 0 521 30301
  • Alexander, RM. Elastic Mechanisms in Animal Movement. The Cambridge University Press (Cambridge). ISBN 0 521 34160
  • Brand, PW and Hollister, A. Clinical Mechanics of the Hand. Mosby Year Book (St. Louis). ISBN 0 8016 6978 2
  • Enoka, RM. Neuromechanical Basis of Kinesiology. Human Kinetics Books (Champaign). ISBN 0 87322 179 6
  • Kardel, T. Steno on muscles. [An historical review] The American Philosophical Society (Philadelphia). ISBN 0871698412
  • McArdle, WD; Katch, FI; Kath, VL. Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition, and Human Performance. Lea & Febiger (Malvern, PA). ISBN 0 8121 1351 9

    Review Articles

  • Alexander RM. Energy-saving mechanisms in walking and running. Journal of Experimental Biology, 1991 Oct, 160:55-69.
  • Burke RE; Levine DN; Salcman M; Tsairis P. Motor units in cat soleus muscle: physiological, histochemical and morphological characteristics. Journal of Physiology, 1973 234:723-48.
  • Huxley HE. The fine structure of striated muscle and its functional significance. Harvey Lectures, 1966, 60:85-118.
  • Huxley HE; Kress M. Crossbridge behaviour during muscle contraction. Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility, 1985 Apr, 6(2):153-61.
  • E. Otten. Concepts and models of functional architecture in skeletal muscle. Exercise and sport sciences reviews 1988 16:89 - 138.
  • Russell B; Dix DJ; Haller DL; Jacobs-El J. Repair of injured skeletal muscle: a molecular approach. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 1992 Feb, 24(2):189-96.
  • Schiaffino S; Reggiani C. Myosin isoforms in mammalian skeletal muscle. Journal of Applied Physiology, 1994 Aug, 77(2):493-501.
  • Stockdale FE. Myogenic cell lineages. Developmental Biology, 1992 Dec, 154(2):284-98.

    Research Reports

  • Allen, D. L., Monke, S. R., Talmadge, R. J., Roy, R. R., & Edgerton, V. R. (1995). Plasticity of myonuclear number in hypertrophied and atrophied mammalian muscle fibers. J. Appl. Physiol. 78:1969-1976.
  • Evans, W.J., Meredith, C.N., Cannon, J.G., Dinarello, C.A., Frontera, W.R., Hughes, V.A., Jones, B.H., and H.G. Knuttgen. (1985). Metabolic changes following eccentric exercise in trained and untrained men. J. Appl. Physiol. 61:1864-1868.
  • Fridén, J., Kjorell, U., and L-E. Thornell. (1984). Delayed muscle soreness and cytoskeletal alterations. An immunocytological study in man. Int. J. Sports Med. 5:15-18.
  • Fridén, J. and R.L. Lieber (1992). The structural and mechanical basis of exercise-induced muscle injury Med. Sci. Sport Exerc. 24:521-530.
  • Gordon, A.M., Huxley, A.F., and F.J. Julian. (1966). The variation in isometric tension with sarcomere length in vertebrate muscle fibers. J. Physiol. 184:170-192.
  • Goslow, G., Jr., Reinking, R. and Stuart, D. (1973). The cat step cycle: hind limb joint angles and muscle lengths during unrestrained locomotion. J. Morphol. 141:1-42.
  • Hoffer, J.A., A.A. Caputi, I.E. Pose and R.I. Griffiths. (1989). Roles of muscle activity and load on the relationship between muscle spindle length and whole muscle length in the freely walking cat. Progr. Brain Res. 80:75-85.
  • Magid A, Law DJ. Myofibrils bear most of the resting tension in frog skeletal muscle. Science 1985;230:1280-1282.
  • Rayment, I., Rypniewski, W. R., Schmidt-Base, K., Smith, R., Tomchick, D. R., Benning, M. M., Winkelmann, D. A., Wesenberg, G., & Holden, H. M. (1993). Three-dimensional structure of myosin subfragment-1: a molecular motor. Science. 261:50-58.
  • Sacks, R.D. and R.R. Roy. (1982). Architecture of the hindlimb muscles of cats: functional significance. J. Morphol. 173:185-195.

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