Fridén J, Reinholdt C, Gohritz A, Peace WJ, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
This study clinically assessed the concept that both thumb flexion and forearm pronation can be restored by brachioradialis (BR)-to-flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon transfer if the BR is passed dorsal to the radius. Six patients [two women and four men, mean age 32.3 years (SD 4.9, range 23-56)] underwent BR-to-FPL transfer dorsal to the radius and through the interosseous membrane (IOM). Lateral key pinch strength and pronation range of motion (ROM) were measured 1 year after surgery. A group of six patients [two women and four men, mean age 31.2 years (SD 5.0, range 19-52)] who underwent traditional palmar BR-to-FPL was included for comparison. Postoperative active pronation was significantly greater in the dorsal transfer group compared to the palmar group [149 (SD 6) and 75 (SD 3), respectively] and pinch strength was similar in the two groups [1.28 (SD 0.16) kg and 1.20 (SD 0.21) kg, respectively]. We conclude that it is feasible to reconstruct lateral key pinch and forearm pronation simultaneously using only the BR motor.
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