Lab publications


Shahidi B, Anderson B, Ordaz A, Berry DB, Ruoss S, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Farshad M, Schenk S, Ward SR.
Paraspinal muscles in individuals undergoing surgery for lumbar spine pathology lack a myogenic response to an acute bout of resistance exercise
JOR Spine, 2024 7(1):e1291.

Son J, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Scaling relationships between human leg muscle architectural properties and body size
J Exp Biol, 2024 Feb 15 [Epub ahead of print].

Gibbons MC, Silldorff M, Okuno H, Esparza MC, Migdal C, Johnson S, Schenk S, Ward SR.
The effect of tenotomy, neurotomy, and dual injury on mouse rotator cuff muscles: Consequences for the mouse as a preclinical model
J Orthop Res, 2024 Jan 21 [Epub ahead of print].


Goldin AN, Dwight KD, Hentzen ER, Leek BT, Hughes-Austin JM, Ward SR, Abrams RA.
A Simple and Versatile Test for Elbow Posterolateral Rotatory Instability
Hand, 2023 Jul 25 [Epub ahead of print].

Berry DB, Galinsky VL, Hutchinson EB, Galons JP, Ward SR, Frank LR.
Double pulsed field gradient diffusion MRI to assess skeletal muscle microstructure
Magn Reson Med, 2023 90(4):1582-1593.

Shahidi B, Padwal JA, Su JJ, Regev G, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Kim C, Lieber RL, Ward SR.
The effect of fatty infiltration, revision surgery, and sex on lumbar multifidus passive mechanical properties
JOR Spine, 2023 6(3):e1266.

Vasquez-Bolanos LS, Gibbons MC, Ruoss S, Wu IT, Esparza MC, Fithian DC, Lane JG, Singh A, Nasamran CA, Fisch KM, Ward SR.
Transcriptional time course after rotator cuff repair in 6 month old female rabbits
Front Physiol, 2023 14:1164055.

Ordaz A, Anderson B, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Schuepbach R, Farshad M, Schenk S, Ward SR, Shahidi B.
Paraspinal muscle gene expression across different aetiologies in individuals undergoing surgery for lumbar spine pathology
Eur Spine J, 2023 32(4):1123-1131.


Kiratitanaporn W, Berry DB, Mudla A, Fried T, Lao A, Yu C, Hao N, Ward SR, Chen S.
3D printing a biocompatible elastomer for modeling muscle regeneration after volumetric muscle loss
Biomater Adv, 2022 142:213171.

Ruoss S, Esparza MC, Vasquez-Bolanos LS, Nasamran CA, Fisch KM, Engler AJ, Ward SR.
Spatial transcriptomics tools allow for regional exploration of heterogeneous muscle pathology in the pre-clinical rabbit model of rotator cuff tear
J Orthop Surg Res, 2022 17(1):440.

Gurusamy P, Larsen BA, Allen RT, Ward SR, Allison MA, Hughes-Austin JM.
Density and Fat Fraction of the Psoas, Paraspinal, and Oblique Muscle Groups Are Associated With Lumbar Vertebral Bone Mineral Density in a Multi-Ethnic Community-Living Population: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
J Bone Miner Res, 2022 37(8):1537-1544.

Emanuelsson EB, Berry DB, Reitzner SM, Arif M, Mardinoglu A, Gustafsson T, Ward SR, Sundberg CJ, Chapman MA.
MRI characterization of skeletal muscle size and fatty infiltration in long-term trained and untrained individuals
Physiol Rep, 2022 10(14):e15398.

Anderson B, Ordaz A, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Schuepbach R, Farshad M, Schenk S, Ward SR, Shahidi B.
Paraspinal muscle health is related to fibrogenic, adipogenic, and myogenic gene expression in patients with lumbar spine pathology
BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 2022 23(1):608.

Englund EK, Berry DB, Behun JJ, Ward SR, Frank LR, Shahidi B.
IVIM imaging of paraspinal muscles following moderate and high-intensity exercise in healthy individuals
Front Rehabil Sci, 2022 3:910068.

Vargas-Vila MA, Gibbons MC, Wu IT, Esparza MC, Kato K, Johnson SD, Masuda K, Ward SR.
Progression of muscle loss and fat accumulation in a rabbit model of rotator cuff tear
J Orthop Res, 2022 40(5):1016-1025.

Wu IT, Gibbons MC, Esparza MC, Vasquez-Bolanos LS, Hyman SA, Dorn SN, Singh A, Lane JG, Fithian DC, Ruoss S, Ward SR.
The "second hit" of repair in a rabbit model of chronic rotator cuff tear
Front Physiol, 2022 13:801829.

Fridén J, Stankovic N, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Increased muscle fiber size and pathology with botulinum toxin treatment of upper extremity muscles in cerebral palsy
Curr Top Toxicol, 2022 18:167-178.


Hyman SA, Wu IT, Vasquez-Bolanos LS, Norman MB, Esparza MC, Bremner SN, Dorn SN, Ramirez I, Fithian DC, Lane JG, Singh A, Ward SR.
Supraspinatus muscle architecture and physiology in a rabbit model of tenotomy and repair
J Appl Physiol, 2021 131(6):1708-1717.

Lawrence RL, Ludewig PM, Ward SR.
An integrated approach to musculoskeletal performance, disease, and recovery
Phys Ther, 2021 101(12):pzab225.

Shahidi B, Yoo A, Farnsworth C, Newton PO, Ward SR.
Paraspinal muscle morphology and composition in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A histological analysis
JOR Spine, 2021 4(3):e1169.

Hughes-Austin JM, Ix JH, Ward SR, Weisman MH, ODell JR, Mikuls TR, Buckner JH, Gregersen PK, Keating RM, Demoruelle MK, Deane KD, Holers VM, Norris JM.
Evaluating associations of joint swelling, joint stiffness and joint pain with physical activity in first-degree relatives of patients with rheumatoid arthritis: Studies of the Aetiology of Rheumatoid Arthritis (SERA), a prospective cohort study
BMJ Open, 2021 11(9):e050883.

Ruoss S, Ball ST, Dorn SN, Parekh JN, Whitehead AJ, Engler AJ, Ward SR.
Acetabular bone marrow aspiration during total hip arthroplasty
J Am Acad Orthop Surg, 2021 29(16):e815-e819.

Vasquez-Bolanos LS, Gibbons MC, Ruoss S, Wu IT, Vargas-Vila M, Hyman SA, Esparza MC, Fithian DC, Lane JG, Singh A, Nasamran CA, Fisch KM, Ward SR.
Transcriptional time course after rotator cuff tear
Front Physiol, 2021 12:707116.

Jerban S, Ma Y, Kasibhatla A, Wu M, Szeverenyi N, Guma M, Covey D, D'lima D, Ward SR, Sah RL, Chang EY, Du J, Chung CB.
Ultrashort echo time adiabatic T(1ρ) (UTE-Adiab-T(1ρ)) is sensitive to human cadaveric knee joint deformation induced by mechanical loading and unloading
Magn Reson Imaging, 2021 80:98-105.

Chavez J, Shah NA, Ruoss S, Cuomo RE, Ward SR, Mackey TK.
Online marketing practices of regenerative medicine clinics in US-Mexico border region: a web surveillance study
Stem Cell Res Ther, 2021 12(1):189.

Ruoss S, Walker JT, Nasamran CA, Fisch KM, Paez CJ, Parekh JN, Ball ST, Chen JL, Ahmed SS, Ward SR.
Strategies to identify mesenchymal stromal cells in minimally manipulated human bone marrow aspirate concentrate lack consensus
Am J Sports Med, 2021 49(5):1313-1322.

Omoumi P, Gondim Teixeira PA, Ward SR, Trudell D, Resnick D.
Practical ultrasonographic technique to precisely identify and differentiate tendons and ligaments of the elbow at the level of the humeral epicondyles: anatomical study
Skeletal Radiol, 2021 50(7):1369-1377.

Winters TM, Lim M, Takahashi M, Fridén J, Lieber RL, Ward SR.
Surgical mobilization of skeletal muscles changes functional properties-Implications for tendon transfers
J Hand Surg Am, 2021 46(4):341.e1-341.e10.

Berry DB, Englund EK, Galinsky V, Frank LR, Ward SR.
Varying diffusion time to discriminate between simulated skeletal muscle injury models using stimulated echo diffusion tensor imaging
Magn Reson Med, 2021 85(5):2524-2536.

O'Connor SM, Kaufman KR, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Sensor anchoring improves the correlation between intramuscular pressure and muscle tension in a rabbit model
Ann Biomed Eng, 2021 49(2):912-921.

Berry DB , Englund EK , Chen S , Frank LR , Ward SR .
Medical imaging of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine constructs
Biomater Sci, 2021 9(2):301-314.


Padwal J, Berry DB, Hubbard JC, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Ward SR, Shahidi B.
Regional differences between superficial and deep lumbar multifidus in patients with chronic lumbar spine pathology
BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 2020 21(1):764.

Hyman SA, Norman MB, Dorn SN, Bremner SN, Esparza MC, Lieber RL, Ward SR.
In vivo supraspinatus muscle contractility and architecture in rabbit
J Appl Physiol, 2020 129(6):1405-1412.

Gupta R, Chan JP, Uong J, Palispis WA, Wright DJ, Shah SB, Ward SR, Lee TQ, Steward O.
Human motor endplate remodeling after traumatic nerve injury
J Neurosurg, 2020 18:1-8.

Shahidi B, Gibbons MC, Esparza M, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Ward SR.
Cell populations and muscle fiber morphology associated with acute and chronic muscle degeneration in lumbar spine pathology
JOR Spine, 2020 3(2):e1087.

Berry DB, Rodríguez-Soto AE, Englund EK, Shahidi B, Parra C, Frank LR, Kelly KR, Ward SR.
Multiparametric MRI characterization of level dependent differences in lumbar muscle size, quality, and microstructure
JOR Spine, 2020 3(2):e1079.

Ward SR, Winters TM, O'Connor SM, Lieber RL.
Non-linear scaling of passive mechanical properties in fibers, bundles, fascicles and whole rabbit muscles
Front Physiol, 2020 11:211.

Negrão JR, Mogami R, Ramirez Ruiz FA, Wagner FV, Haghighi P, Ward SR, Resnick DL.
Distal insertional anatomy of the triceps brachii muscle: MRI assessment in cadaveric specimens employing histologic correlation and Play-doh® models of the anatomic findings
Skeletal Radiol, 2020 49(7):1057-1067.

Svensson K, LaBarge SA, Sathe A, Martins VF, Tahvilian S, Cunliffe JM, Sasik R, Mahata SK, Meyer GA, Philp A, David LL, Ward SR, McCurdy CE, Aslan JE, Schenk S.
p300 and cAMP response element-binding protein-binding protein in skeletal muscle homeostasis, contractile function, and survival
J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle, 2020 11(2):464-477.

Chan JP, Clune J, Shah SB, Ward SR, Kocsis JD, Mozaffar T, Steward O, Gupta R.
Examination of the human motor endplate after brachial plexus injury with two-photon microscopy
Muscle Nerve, 2020 61(3):390-395.

Shahidi B, Fisch KM, Gibbons MC, Ward SR.
Increased fibrogenic gene expression in multifidus muscles of patients with chronic versus acute lumbar spine pathology
Spine, 2020 45(4):E189-E195.


Parvaresh KC, Chang C, Patel A, Lieber RL, Ball ST, Ward SR.
Architecture of the short external rotator muscles of the hip
BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 2019 20(1):611.

Onodera K, Berry DB, Shahidi B, Kelly KR, Ward SR.
Intervertebral disc kinematics in active duty Marines with and without lumbar spine pathology
JOR Spine, 2019 2(2):e1057.

Berry DB, Padwal J, Johnson S, Englund EK, Ward SR, Shahidi B.
The effect of high-intensity resistance exercise on lumbar musculature in patients with low back pain: a preliminary study
BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 2019 20(1):290.

Shahidi B, Ward SR.
Selective fatty replacement of paraspinal muscles in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2019 49(6):483.

Berry DB, Hernandez A, Onodera K, Ingram N, Ward SR, Gombatto SP.
Lumbar spine angles and intervertebral disc characteristics with end-range positions in three planes of motion in healthy people using upright MRI
J Biomech, 2019 89:95-104.


Berry DB, Shahidi B, Rodríguez-Soto AE, Hughes-Austin JM, Kelly KR, Ward SR.
Lumbar muscle structure predicts operational postures in active-duty Marines
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2018 48(8):613-621.

Wetherell JL, Bower ES, Johnson K, Chang DG, Ward SR, Petkus AJ.
Integrated exposure therapy and exercise reduces fear of falling and avoidance in older adults: A randomized pilot study
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry, 2018 26(8):849-859.

Berry DB, Padwal J, Johnson S, Parra CL, Ward SR, Shahidi B.
Methodological considerations in region of interest definitions for paraspinal muscles in axial MRIs of the lumbar spine
BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 2018 19(1):135.

Gibbons MC, Fisch KM, Pichika R, Cheng T, Engler AJ, Schenk S, Lane JG, Singh A, Ward SR.
Heterogeneous muscle gene expression patterns in patients with massive rotator cuff tears
PLoS One, 2018 13(1):e0190439.

Son J, Indresano A, Sheppard K, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Intraoperative and biomechanical studies of human vastus lateralis and vastus medialis sarcomere length operating range
J Biomech, 2018 67:91-97.

Berry DB, Regner B, Galinsky V, Ward SR, Frank LR.
Relationships between tissue microstructure and the diffusion tensor in simulated skeletal muscle
Magn Reson Med, 2018 80(1):317-329.

Mukund K, Ward SR, Lieber RL, Subramaniam S.
Co-expression network approach to studying the effects of botulinum neurotoxin-A
IEEE/ACM Trans Comput Biol Bioinform, 2018 15(6):2009-2016.

Shahidi B, Shah SB, Esparza M, Head BP, Ward SR.
Skeletal muscle atrophy and degeneration in a mouse model of traumatic brain injury
J Neurotrauma, 2018 35(2):398-401.

Gibbons MC, Singh A, Engler AJ, Ward SR.
The role of mechanobiology in progression of rotator cuff muscle atrophy and degeneration
J Orthop Res, 2018 36(2):546-556.

Ward SR, Minamoto VB, Suzuki KP, Hulst JB, Bremner SN, Lieber RL.
Recovery of rat muscle size but not function more than 1 year after a single botulinum toxin injection
Muscle Nerve, 2018 57(3):435-441.


Flippin M, Harris J, Paxton EW, Prentice HA, Fithian DC, Ward SR, Gombatto SP.
Effect of body mass index on patient outcomes of surgical intervention for the lumbar spine
J Spine Surg, 2017 3(3):349-357.

Shahidi B, Hubbard JC, Gibbons MC, Ruoss S, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Garfin SR, Ward SR.
Lumbar multifidus muscle degenerates in individuals with chronic degenerative lumbar spine pathology
J Orthop Res, 2017 35(12):2700-2706.

Berry DB, You S, Warner J, Frank LR, Chen S, Ward SR.
(*) A 3D Tissue-Printing Approach for Validation of Diffusion Tensor Imaging in Skeletal Muscle
Tissue Eng Part A, 2017 23(17-18):980-988.

Gibbons MC, Singh A, Anakwenze O, Cheng T, Pomerantz M, Schenk S, Engler AJ, Ward SR.
Histological Evidence of Muscle Degeneration in Advanced Human Rotator Cuff Disease
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2017 99(3):190-199.

Berry DB, Rodríguez-Soto AE, Su J, Gombatto SP, Shahidi B, Palombo L, Chung C, Jensen A, Kelly KR, Ward SR.
Lumbar spine postures in Marines during simulated operational positions
J Orthop Res, 2017 35(10):2145-2153.

Rodríguez-Soto AE, Berry DB, Jaworski R, Jensen A, Chung CB, Niederberger B, Qadir A, Kelly KR, Ward SR.
The effect of training on lumbar spine posture and intervertebral disc degeneration in active-duty Marines
Ergonomics, 2017 60(8):1055-1063.

Thomas KA, Gibbons MC, Lane JG, Singh A, Ward SR, Engler AJ.
Rotator cuff tear state modulates self-renewal and differentiation capacity of human skeletal muscle progenitor cells
J Orthop Res, 2017 35(8):1816-1823.

Shahidi B, Parra CL, Berry DB, Hubbard JC, Gombatto S, Zlomislic V, Allen RT, Hughes-Austin J, Garfin S, Ward SR.
Contribution of lumbar spine pathology and age to paraspinal muscle size and fatty infiltration
Spine, 2017 42(8):616-623.

Go SA, Jensen ER, O'Connor SM, Evertz LQ, Morrow DA, Ward SR, Lieber RL, Kaufman KR.
Design considerations of a fiber optic pressure sensor protective housing for intramuscular pressure measurements
Ann Biomed Eng, 2017 45(3):739-746.

Rodríguez-Soto AE, Berry DB, Palombo L, Valaik E, Kelly KR, Ward SR.
Effect of load magnitude and distribution on lumbar spine posture in active-duty Marines
Spine, 2017 42(5):345-351.


Foran I, Vaz K, Sikora-Klak J, Ward SR, Hentzen ER, Shah SB.
Regional ulnar nerve strain following decompression and anterior subcutaneous transposition in patients with cubital tunnel syndrome
J Hand Surg Am, 2016 41(10):e343-e350.

Gibbons MC, Sato EJ, Bachasson D, Cheng T, Azimi H, Schenk S, Engler AJ, Singh A, Ward SR.
Muscle architectural changes after massive human rotator cuff tear
J Orthop Res, 2016 34(12):2089-2095.

O'Connor SM, Cheng EJ, Young KW, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Quantification of sarcomere length distribution in whole muscle frozen sections
J Exp Biol, 2016 219(Pt 10):1432-6.

Meyer GA, Ward SR.
Developmental biology and regenerative medicine: Addressing the vexing problem of persistent muscle atrophy in the chronically torn human rotator cuff
Phys Ther, 2016 96(5):722-33.

Wetherell JL, Johnson K, Chang D, Ward SR, Bower ES, Merz C, Petkus AJ.
Activity, balance, learning, and exposure (ABLE): a new intervention for fear of falling
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, 2016 31(7):791-8.

Thompson WR, Scott A, Loghmani MT, Ward SR, Warden SJ.
Understanding mechanobiology: Physical therapists as a force in mechanotherapy and musculoskeletal regenerative rehabilitation
Phys Ther, 2016 96(4):560-9.

Cho Y, Hazen BC, Gandra PG, Ward SR, Schenk S, Russell AP, Kralli A.
Perm1 enhances mitochondrial biogenesis, oxidative capacity, and fatigue resistance in adult skeletal muscle
FASEB J, 2016 30(2):674-87.


Rana SH, Farjoodi P, Haloman S, Dutton P, Hariri A, Ward SR, Garfin SR, Chang DG.
Anatomic evaluation of the sacroiliac joint: A radiographic study with implications for procedures
Pain Physician, 2015 18(6):583-92.

Killian ML, Cavinatto LM, Ward SR, Havlioglu N, Thomopoulos S, Galatz LM.
Chronic degeneration leads to poor healing of repaired massive rotator cuff tears in rats
Am J Sports Med, 2015 43(10):2401-10.

Bachasson D, Singh A, Shah SB, Lane JG, Ward SR.
The role of the peripheral and central nervous systems in rotator cuff disease
J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 2015 24(8):1322-35.

Berry DB, Rodríguez-Soto AE, Tokunaga JR, Gombatto SP, Ward SR.
An endplate-based joint coordinate system for measuring kinematics in normal and abnormally-shaped lumbar vertebrae
J Appl Biomech, 2015 31(6):499-503.

Meyer GA, Gibbons MC, Sato E, Lane JG, Ward SR, Engler AJ.
Epimuscular fat in the human rotator cuff is a novel beige depot
Stem Cells Transl Med, 2015 4(7):764-74.

Sato EJ, Killian ML, Choi AJ, Lin E, Choo AD, Rodríguez-Soto AE, Lim CT, Thomopoulos S, Galatz LM, Ward SR.
Architectural and biochemical adaptations in skeletal muscle and bone following rotator cuff injury in a rat model
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2015 97(7):565-73.

Minamoto VB, Suzuki KP, Bremner SN, Lieber RL, Ward SR.
Dramatic changes in muscle contractile and structural properties after 2 botulinum toxin injections
Muscle Nerve, 2015 52(4):649-57.

Meyer GA, Farris AL, Sato E, Gibbons M, Lane JG, Ward SR, Engler AJ.
Muscle progenitor cell regenerative capacity in the torn rotator cuff
J Orthop Res, 2015 33(3):421-9.

Mathewson MA, Ward SR, Chambers HG, Lieber RL.
High resolution muscle measurements provide insights into equinus contractures in patients with cerebral palsy
J Orthop Res, 2015 33(1):33-9.


Silldorff MD, Choo AD, Choi AJ, Lin E, Carr JA, Lieber RL, Lane JG, Ward SR.
Effect of supraspinatus tendon injury on supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscle passive tension and associated biochemistry
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2014 96(20):e175.

Choo A, McCarthy M, Pichika R, Sato EJ, Lieber RL, Schenk S, Lane JG, Ward SR.
Muscle gene expression patterns in human rotator cuff pathology
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2014 96(18):1558-65.

Alperin M, Tuttle LJ, Conner BR, Dixon DM, Mathewson MA, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Comparison of pelvic muscle architecture between humans and commonly used laboratory species
Int Urogynecol J, 2014 25(11):1507-15.

Swan MA, Sato E, Galatz LM, Thomopoulos S, Ward SR.
The effect of age on rat rotator cuff muscle architecture
J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 2014 23(12):1786-1791.

Sato EJ, Killian ML, Choi AJ, Lin E, Esparza MC, Galatz LM, Thomopoulos S, Ward SR.
Skeletal muscle fibrosis and stiffness increase after rotator cuff tendon injury and neuromuscular compromise in a rat model
J Orthop Res, 2014 32(9):1111-6.

Mukund K, Mathewson M, Minamoto V, Ward SR, Subramaniam S, Lieber RL.
Systems analysis of transcriptional data provides insights into muscle's biological response to botulinum toxin
Muscle Nerve, 2014 50(5):744-58.

Killian ML, Cavinatto L, Shah SA, Sato EJ, Ward SR, Havlioglu N, Galatz LM, Thomopoulos S.
The effects of chronic unloading and gap formation on tendon-to-bone healing in a rat model of massive rotator cuff tears
J Orthop Res, 2014 32(3):439-47.

Mathewson MA, Kwan A, Eng CM, Lieber RL, Ward SR.
Comparison of rotator cuff muscle architecture between humans and other selected vertebrate species
J Exp Biol, 2014 217(Pt 2):261-73.

Hulst JB, Minamoto VB, Lim MB, Bremner SN, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Systematic test of neurotoxin dose and volume on muscle function in a rat model
Muscle Nerve, 2014 49(5):709-15.

Tuttle LJ, Nguyen OT, Cook MS, Alperin M, Shah SB, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Architectural design of the pelvic floor is consistent with muscle functional subspecialization
Int Urogynecol J, 2014 25(2):205-12.


Cheuy VA, Hastings MK, Commean PK, Ward SR, Mueller MJ.
Intrinsic foot muscle deterioration is associated with metatarsophalangeal joint angle in people with diabetes and neuropathy
Clin Biomech, 2013 28(9-10):1055-60.

Lieber RL, Ward SR.
Cellular mechanisms of tissue fibrosis. 4. Structural and functional consequences of skeletal muscle fibrosis
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, 2013 305(3):C241-52.

Rodríguez-Soto AE, Jaworski R, Jensen A, Niederberger B, Hargens AR, Frank LR, Kelly KR, Ward SR.
Effect of load carriage on lumbar spine kinematics
Spine, 2013 38(13):E783-91.

Malhotra N, Madison SJ, Ward SR, Mariano ER, Loland VJ, Ilfeld BM.
Continuous interscalene nerve block following adhesive capsulitis manipulation.
Reg Anesth Pain Med, 2013 38(2):171-2.

Charles MD, Haloman S, Chen L, Ward SR, Fithian D, Afra R.
Magnetic resonance imaging-based topographical differences between control and recurrent patellofemoral instability patients
Am J Sports Med, 2013 41(2):374-84.


Tirrell TF, Cook MS, Carr JA, Lin E, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Human skeletal muscle biochemical diversity
J Exp Biol, 2012 215(Pt 15):2551-9.

Takahashi M, Ward SR, Fridén J, Lieber RL.
Muscle excursion does not correlate with increased serial sarcomere number after muscle adaptation to stretched tendon transfer
J Orthop Res, 2012 30(11):1774-80.

Tuttle LJ, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Sample size considerations in human muscle architecture studies
Muscle Nerve, 2012 45(5):742-5.

Wagner FV, Negrão JR, Campos J, Ward SR, Haghighi P, Trudell DJ, Resnick D.
Capsular ligaments of the hip: anatomic, histologic, and positional study in cadaveric specimens with MR arthrography
Radiology, 2012 263(1):189-98.

Brown SH, Carr JA, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Passive mechanical properties of rat abdominal wall muscles suggest an important role of the extracellular connective tissue matrix
J Orthop Res, 2012 30(8):1321-6.

Foran JR, Sheth NP, Ward SR, Della Valle CJ, Levine BR, Sporer SM, Paprosky WG.
Patient perception of physician reimbursement in elective total hip and knee arthroplasty
J Arthroplasty, 2012 27(5):703-9.

Derkacs AD, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
The use of neural networks and texture analysis for rapid objective selection of regions of interest in cytoskeletal images
Microsc Microanal, 2012 18(1):115-22.

Fridén J, Reinholdt C, Gohritz A, Peace WJ, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Simultaneous powering of forearm pronation and key pinch in tetraplegia using a single muscle-tendon unit
J Hand Surg Eur Vol, 2012 37(4):323-8.

Thacker BE, Tomiya A, Hulst JB, Suzuki KP, Bremner SN, Gastwirt RF, Greaser ML, Lieber RL, Ward SR.
Passive mechanical properties and related proteins change with botulinum neurotoxin A injection of normal skeletal muscle
J Orthop Res, 2012 30(3):497-502.


Lieber RL, Ward SR.
Skeletal muscle design to meet functional demands
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2011 366(1570):1466-76.

Smith LR, Lee KS, Ward SR, Chambers HG, Lieber RL.
Hamstring contractures in children with spastic cerebral palsy result from a stiffer extracellular matrix and increased in vivo sarcomere length
J Physiol, 2011 589(Pt 10):2625-39.

Regev GJ, Kim CW, Tomiya A, Lee YP, Ghofrani H, Garfin SR, Lieber RL, Ward SR.
Psoas muscle architectural design, in vivo sarcomere length range, and passive tensile properties support its role as a lumbar spine stabilizer
Spine, 2011 36(26):E1666-74.

Brown SH, Ward SR, Cook MS, Lieber RL.
Architectural analysis of human abdominal wall muscles: implications for mechanical function
Spine, 2011 36(5):355-62.

Teixeira PA, Omoumi P, Trudell DJ, Ward SR, Lecocq S, Blum A, Resnick DL.
Ultrasound assessment of the lateral collateral ligamentous complex of the elbow: imaging aspects in cadavers and normal volunteers
Eur Radiol, 2011 21(7):1492-8.

Brown SH, Gregory DE, Carr JA, Ward SR, Masuda K, Lieber RL.
ISSLS prize winner: Adaptations to the multifidus muscle in response to experimentally induced intervertebral disc degeneration
Spine, 2011 36(21):1728-36.

Gondim Teixeira PA, Omoumi P, Trudell DJ, Ward SR, Blum A, Resnick DL.
High-resolution ultrasound evaluation of the trapeziometacarpal joint with emphasis on the anterior oblique ligament (beak ligament)
Skeletal Radiol, 2011 40(7):897-904.

Brown SH, Ward SR, Cook MS, Lieber RL.
Architectural analysis of human abdominal wall muscles: Implications for mechanical function.
Spine, 2011 36(5):355-62.

Winters TM, Takahashi M, Lieber RL, Ward SR.
Whole muscle length-tension relationships are accurately modeled as scaled sarcomeres in rabbit hindlimb muscles
J Biomech, 2011 44(1):109-15.


Ward SR, Sarver JJ, Eng CM, Kwan A, Würgler-Hauri CC, Perry SM, Williams GR, Soslowsky LJ, Lieber RL.
Plasticity of muscle architecture after supraspinatus tears
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2010 40(11):729-35.

Fridén J, Shillito MC, Chehab EF, Finneran JJ, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Mechanical feasibility of immediate mobilization of the brachioradialis muscle after tendon transfer
J Hand Surg Am, 2010 35(9):1473-8.

Brown SH, Banuelos K, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Architectural and morphological assessment of rat abdominal wall muscles: comparison for use as a human model
J Anat, 2010 217(3):196-202.

Regev GJ, Kim CW, Thacker BE, Tomiya A, Garfin SR, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Regional myosin heavy chain distribution in selected paraspinal muscles
Spine, 2010 35(13):1265-70.

Meyer GA, Kiss B, Ward SR, Morgan DL, Kellermayer MS, Lieber RL.
Theoretical predictions of the effects of force transmission by desmin on intersarcomere dynamics
Biophys J, 2010 98(2):258-66.

Brown SH, Hentzen ER, Kwan A, Ward SR, Fridén J, Lieber RL.
Mechanical strength of the side-to-side versus Pulvertaft weave tendon repair
J Hand Surg Am, 2010 35(4):540-5.

Takahashi M, Ward SR, Marchuk LL, Frank CB, Lieber RL.
Asynchronous muscle and tendon adaptation after surgical tensioning procedures
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2010 92(3):664-74.

Ward SR, Winters TM, Blemker SS.
The architectural design of the gluteal muscle group: implications for movement and rehabilitation
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2010 40(2):95-102.

Arnold EM, Ward SR, Lieber RL, Delp SL.
A model of the lower limb for analysis of human movement
Ann Biomed Eng, 2010 38(2):269-79.


Eng CM, Ward SR, Vinyard CJ, Taylor AB.
The morphology of the masticatory apparatus facilitates muscle force production at wide jaw gapes in tree-gouging common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)
J Exp Biol, 2009 212(Pt 24):4040-55.

Smith LR, Pontén E, Hedström Y, Ward SR, Chambers HG, Subramaniam S, Lieber RL.
Novel transcriptional profile in wrist muscles from cerebral palsy patients
BMC Med Genomics, 2009 2:44.

Winters TM, Sepulveda GS, Cottler PS, Kaufman KR, Lieber RL, Ward SR.
Correlation between isometric force and intramuscular pressure in rabbit tibialis anterior muscle with an intact anterior compartment
Muscle Nerve, 2009 40(1):79-85.

Ward SR, Tomiya A, Regev GJ, Thacker BE, Benzl RC, Kim CW, Lieber RL.
Passive mechanical properties of the lumbar multifidus muscle support its role as a stabilizer
J Biomech, 2009 42(10):1384-1389.

Ward SR, Kim CW, Eng CM, Gottschalk LJ 4th, Tomiya A, Garfin SR, Lieber RL.
Architectural analysis and intraoperative measurements demonstrate the unique design of the multifidus muscle for lumbar spine stability
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2009 91(1):176-85.

Ward SR, Takahashi M, Winters TM, Kwan A, Lieber RL.
A novel muscle biopsy clamp yields accurate in vivo sarcomere length values
J Biomech, 2009 42(2):193-6.

Ward SR, Eng CM, Smallwood LH, Lieber RL.
Are current measurements of lower extremity muscle architecture accurate?
Clin Orthop Relat Res, 2009 467(4):1074-82.


Eng CM, Smallwood LH, Rainiero MP, Lahey M, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Scaling of muscle architecture and fiber types in the rat hindlimb
J Exp Biol, 2008 211(Pt 14):2336-45.

Ward SR, Jones RE, Long WT, Thomas DJ, Dorr LD.
Functional recovery of muscles after minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty
Instr Course Lect, 2008 57:249-54.

Gokhin DS, Ward SR, Bremner SN, Lieber RL.
Quantitative analysis of neonatal skeletal muscle functional improvement in the mouse
J Exp Biol, 2008 211(Pt 6):837-43.


Minamoto VB, Hulst JB, Lim M, Peace WJ, Bremner SN, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Increased efficacy and decreased systemic-effects of botulinum toxin A injection after active or passive muscle manipulation
Dev Med Child Neurol, 2007 49(12):907-14.

Ward SR, Terk MR, Powers CM.
Patella alta: association with patellofemoral alignment and changes in contact area during weight-bearing
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2007 89(8):1749-55.

Ward SR, Davis J, Kaufman KR, Lieber RL.
Relationship between muscle stress and intramuscular pressure during dynamic muscle contractions
Muscle Nerve, 2007 36(3):313-9.

Eng CM, Abrams GD, Smallwood LR, Lieber RL, Ward SR.
Muscle geometry affects accuracy of forearm volume determination by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
J Biomech, 2007 40(14):3261-6.

Takahashi M, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Intraoperative single-site sarcomere length measurement accurately reflects whole-muscle sarcomere length in the rabbit
J Hand Surg Am, 2007 32(5):612-7.

Boakes JL, Foran J, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Muscle adaptation by serial sarcomere addition 1 year after femoral lengthening
Clin Orthop Relat Res, 2007 456:250-3.


Ota S, Ward SR, Chen YJ, Tsai YJ, Powers CM.
Concurrent criterion-related validity and reliability of a clinical device used to assess lateral patellar displacement
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2006 36(9):645-52.

Fridén J, Ward SR, Smallwood L, Lieber RL.
Passive muscle-tendon amplitude may not reflect skeletal muscle functional excursion
J Hand Surg Am, 2006 31(7):1105-10.

Ward SR, Loren GJ, Lundberg S, Lieber RL.
High stiffness of human digital flexor tendons is suited for precise finger positional control
J Neurophysiol, 2006 96(5):2815-8.

Ward SR, Peace WJ, Fridén J, Lieber RL.
Dorsal transfer of the brachioradialis to the flexor pollicis longus enables simultaneous powering of key pinch and forearm pronation
J Hand Surg Am, 2006 31(6):993-7.

Ward SR, Hentzen ER, Smallwood LH, Eastlack RK, Burns KA, Fithian DC, Fridén J, Lieber RL.
Rotator cuff muscle architecture: implications for glenohumeral stability
Clin Orthop Relat Res, 2006 448:157-63.

Long WT, Ward SR, Dorr LD, Raya J, Boutary M, Sirianni LE.
Postoperative pain management following total knee arthroplasty: a randomized comparison of continuous epidural versus femoral nerve infusion
J Knee Surg, 2006 19(2):137-43.


Ward SR, Terk MR, Powers CM.
Influence of patella alta on knee extensor mechanics
J Biomech, 2005 38(12):2415-22.

Abrams GD, Ward SR, Fridén J, Lieber RL.
Pronator teres is an appropriate donor muscle for restoration of wrist and thumb extension
J Hand Surg Am, 2005 30(5):1068-73.

Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Density and hydration of fresh and fixed human skeletal muscle
J Biomech, 2005 38(11):2317-20.

Felder A, Ward SR, Lieber RL.
Sarcomere length measurement permits high resolution normalization of muscle fiber length in architectural studies
J Exp Biol, 2005 208(Pt 17):3275-9.


Ward SR, Powers CM.
The influence of patella alta on patellofemoral joint stress during normal and fast walking
Clin Biomech, 2004 19(10):1040-7.

Powers CM, Ward SR, Chen YJ, Chan LD, Terk MR.
Effect of bracing on patellofemoral joint stress while ascending and descending stairs
Clin J Sport Med, 2004 14(4):206-14.

Powers CM, Ward SR, Chan LD, Chen YJ, Terk MR.
The effect of bracing on patella alignment and patellofemoral joint contact area
Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2004 36(7):1226-32.

Powers CM, Ward SR, Chen YJ, Chan LD, Terk MR.
The effect of bracing on patellofemoral joint stress during free and fast walking
Am J Sports Med, 2004 32(1):224-31.


Heino Brechter J, Powers CM, Terk MR, Ward SR, Lee TQ.
Quantification of patellofemoral joint contact area using magnetic resonance imaging
Magn Reson Imaging, 2003 21(9):955-9.

Powers CM, Ward SR, Fredericson M, Guillet M, Shellock FG.
Patellofemoral kinematics during weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing knee extension in persons with lateral subluxation of the patella: a preliminary study
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2003 33(11):677-85.

Salsich GB, Ward SR, Terk MR, Powers CM.
In vivo assessment of patellofemoral joint contact area in individuals who are pain free
Clin Orthop Relat Res, 2003 (417):277-84.


Ward SR, Shellock FG, Terk MR, Salsich GB, Powers CM.
Assessment of patellofemoral relationships using kinematic MRI: comparison between qualitative and quantitative methods.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2002 16(1):69-74.